School Health Services
School health services are a vital component of the multi-tiered system of supports needed to create and sustain learning environments that are equitable, culturally responsive and aligned to the needs of our students. Well trained, supervised and supported school nurses are vital to optimize health and academic outcomes for children and the school community. School nurses must be prepared to address the needs of today’s students and to plan for and respond to trending issues.
The Health Office is staffed by licensed school nurses during the scheduled school year Monday through Friday from 8 AM to 3:30 PM. The nurses provide health services to LUMS, LUHS, and GMTCC students and staff.
We utilize The Vermont Standards of Practice: School Health Services Manual, (the Manual) addresses Vermont school health services in partnership with PreK-12 education. This Manual is Vermont’s guide for school nurses, school administrators, and others, who develop, implement, and evaluate continuous improvement activities of school health services.
Health Information Updates, Prescription Medication Forms, Asthma Action Plans, and Allergy Action Plans are required to be completed every year. Our phone number is (802) 851-1212 and Fax number is (802) 888-2997
Health Information Update Form-go here
Prescription Medication Form-go here
Asthma Action Plan-go here
Allergy Action Plan-go here
Bee Sting Allergy Action Plan-go here
EPIPEN/INHALER-Prescription Form-go here
The following are required functions of the school nurse every year :
• Vermont Annual Immunization Reporting
• Vermont Annual School Nurse Report on Asthma, Insurance, and Well Care Visits, Dental Exams, and Health Appraisals
• Screening as required by law (vision and hearing)
Symptoms of COVID 19 include:
- Fever (100.4 degrees Fahrenheit or higher), Cough, Shortness of Breath, Sore Throat, Runny Nose, Loss of Taste or Smell, Nausea, Vomiting, Diarrhea, Fatigue, Muscle Aches, Headache.
- Four most commonly reported symptoms are: sore throat, runny nose, persistent cough, and headache.
- Among the partially vaccinated, it’s sneezing, and the unvaccinated, fever.
TESTING is recommended if you have any of the above symptoms. Stay home if you have symptoms.
- If students or staff are symptomatic, they can pick up rapid antigen test kits though the health office and/or the front school offices and test at home. We are not testing at our schools.
- Please note that expiration dates have been extended on test kits. Updated expiration dates can be found online by looking up the brand of kit and lot number.
- In addition, test kit instructions note that even if test results in a faint line, the test is considered positive.
Guidelines provided by the Vermont Department of Health and Secretary French as of August 10, 2022 state:
- If a student or staff member is presenting with mild symptoms, the decision to return to class should be made by the school nurse nurse based upon their clinical decision making. Mild respiratory disease symptoms include runny nose or nasal congestion, minimal cough, and absence of fever in an individual with no current or recent household exposure to COVID-19.
- If a student or staff member is not well enough to learn or participate, regardless of whether they are tested for COVID-19, they should be sent home from school. A student who is being sent home due to illness may be required to wear a mask while awaiting pick-up. The decision to require masking should be made by the school nurse based on clinical decision making. They may return to school if their symptoms have improved, and they meed school criteria for their illness, i.e., no fever for a full 24 hours without fever reducing medication.
If a student or staff member has confirmed COVID 19, they should follow the Vermont Department of Health guidelines for when someone is diagnosed with COVID: COVID-19_What-to-do-if-you-are-diagnosed-with-COVID-19_final.pdf A negative test is not required for a student or staff member to return to school.
We recommend you contact your medical home and notify the school if you test positive.
What Is Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV)? https://www.webmd.com/lung/rsv-in-babies
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is a common, and very contagious, virus that infects the respiratory tract of most children before their second birthday.
For most babies and young children, the infection causes nothing more than a cold. But for a small percentage, infection with RSV can lead to serious, sometimes life-threatening problems such as pneumonia or bronchiolitis, an inflammation of the small airways of the lungs.
RSV infection can cause cold-like symptoms, including a cough and runny nose, which usually last 1 to 2 weeks.
When to see a doctor: Call your baby's doctor if you notice any of the following RSV symptoms:
- A high-pitched whistling or wheezing noise when they breathe
- Being unusually upset or inactive
- A cough with yellow, green, or gray mucus
- Trouble breathing or pauses in their breaths
- Refusing to breastfeed or bottle-feed
- Signs of dehydration: lack of tears when crying, little or no urine in their diaper for 6 hours, and cool, dry skin
If your baby is very tired, breathes rapidly, has difficulty in breathing, or has a blue tint to their lips or fingernails, call 911 or go to the ER immediately.
General Illness and Injury:
The nurse(s) will administer basic first aid to your child during clinic hours as needed. The nursing staff will contact the student’s parent/guardian with symptoms or injuries that are felt to require further medical assessment or emergent treatment beyond first aid. If the emergency is life threatening or we are unable to reach you, EMS (Emergency Medical Services) will be called immediately. Children are required to participate in physical education or outside activities unless we have received a note from their medical provider which specifies that they are unable to perform these activities.
Chronic Allergies and Illnesses:
A child with a chronic illness or allergy may have a life-threatening reaction while at school or during a school event or field trip requiring an immediate response to save the child’s life. Therefore it is the intent of the Health Office to ensure that an individual student treatment plans and appropriate rescue medication be readily available so that we can provide a safe environment for your child. Parents can obtain additional information at www.leg.state.vt.us to view legislation including “H.748 An Act Relating to Permitting Students to Possess and Self –Administer Emergency Medication” and “158 An Act Relating to Life-Threatening Chronic Allergies and Illnesses in Schools.” In accordance with this legislation, we are required to have Action Plans from your child’s physician/medical home. See Forms Above.
Requests to go home ill once a student is at school:
Should a student request to contact their parent/guardian or to go home due to illness or injury we request they do so through the health office. Please be sure that you provide and update the school with your most current contact information and that phone mail boxes are functioning. Be prepared for a call should you send your child to school ill and have indicated to them that they can call should they not feel better.
Students will be excused through the health office to go home if:
- They have a fever (eardrum temperature of 100.4 or above)
- They have been witnessed vomiting
Every year, some students get sick with the seasonal Flu during the fall and winter months. Symptoms can include: fever, chills, sore throat, cough, headache and body aches (sometimes nausea, vomiting and diarrhea.) Flu can spread from person to person. The CDC recommends that individuals with influenza like illness remain at home until at least 24 hours after they are fever free without the use of fever-reducing medications.
Parents/guardians will be notified when head lice have been identified on their child. The Vermont Department of Health and the Department of Education do not support the practice of exclusion (nit free, no nit) policies or practices. Further information on head lice can be obtained on the Vermont Department of Health website or by calling our local Vermont Department of Health office in Morrisville at 888-7447.
Over-the-counter and prescription medications are kept in the Health Office and dispensed by Health Office staff. Students are not allowed to carry medications unless the medication is an emergency rescue medication and we have received written permission from their physician to do so in the current school year.
Over-the-counter medications must be age appropriate and will be dispensed according to the manufacturer’s recommendations. We dispense ibuprofen, acetaminophen, Benadryl for allergic reactions only, and antacids. If you want your child to take any other over-the-counter medications while at school, we need your written permission along with the medication in the original container with your child’s name written on it. Should your child’s medical provider recommend a dosage or frequency that exceeds the manufacturer’s recommended dose, a physician order is required.
Written orders from a physician or health care provider detailing the name of the student, the drug, the dosage, route and time to be dispensed and/or schedule with the physician name and signature must be received by the health office before any prescription medication can be given. Prescription medications must be in an appropriately labeled pharmacy container. Your pharmacy will provide a second labeled bottle to you upon your request. All prescription medication must be brought to school by an adult and kept in the Health Office during school hours. For safety reasons, students should not bring medicine to school on the bus. Please notify health office personnel should your child need to take prescription medication at school. A student’s first dose of any medication that they have not taken before should occur at home. Narcotic medications will not be dispensed at school. A Prescription Medication Form can be found in our on-line Links.
Student Health Screens:
All seventh, ninth, and 12th grade students will be scheduled for health screening. Students will undergo eye and hearing testing as part of this screening process. If testing is initially found to be abnormal, the student will be re-screened to verify results. If after a second screening the student still has not passed testing, parents will receive a letter providing them with their child’s specific results.
Vermont law requires the following:
- students must meet school entry requirements for immunization
- schools must notify parents when the student does not meet school entry requirements for immunization
- schools must assure that students initially provisionally admitted meet vaccine requirements as soon as possible, not exceeding 6 months from enrollment
For entry into the seventh grade, or if your child is newly enrolling in our school, proof of the following immunizations are required:
- 5 doses of DTaP (diphtheria, tetanus, and pertussis) vaccine
- 4 doses of polio vaccine
- 2 doses of MMR (measles, mumps, and rubella) vaccine
- 3 doses of hepatitis B vaccine
- DTap booster (Tetanus, Diphtheria, Pertussis)
- Varicella (chicken pox) – (2) doses; or proof of immunity; or history of disease
Vermont Department of Health Documentation of Varicella -Chickenpox Disease form-go here
Immunization Exemption Form-go here
Education for Parents-Religious Exemption-go here
For more information on the Vermont Recommended Child and Teen Vaccination Schedule contact the Vermont Department of Health Immunization Program at (802) 863-7638 or toll free in VT (800)-640-4374 or visit their website: HealthVermont.gov
Comprehensive Sexual Health Education and Condom Availability Programs
Vermont State Law requires that school districts, supervisory unions, and independent schools have a comprehensive health education curriculum that includes sexual health education and to make condoms availability to all secondary students. Condoms are available to all students at LUHS, LUMS, and GMTCC through the health office free of charge.
Stanford Medicine Tobacco Prevention Tool Kit: https://med.stanford.edu/tobaccopreventiontoolkit/you-and-me-together-vape-free-curriculum.html
Drugs and Alcohol Procedures:
It is the policy of the LNSU that no student shall knowingly possess, use, sell, give, or otherwise transmit, or be under the influence of any illegal drug, regulated substance, or alcohol on any school property, or at any school sponsored activity away from or within the school. It is further the policy of the district to make appropriate referrals in cases of substance abuse. The full policy and be found here: StudentAlcoholandDrugs.pdf
Search and Seizure:
School authorities may search a student, student lockers, or book bags. In addition, all automobiles parked in school lots may be subject to search by school officials. They may seize any illegal, unauthorized, or contraband materials discovered in the search. This applies to any school-related or school-sponsored event such field trips. Examples of unauthorized materials include, but are not limited to: lighters, matches, tobacco products, drugs (illegal and prescription), alcohol, and any type of weapon.
School Nurse/Associate School Nurse Roles:
- Be knowledgeable about the signs and symptoms of substance use, the substances available and the prevalence of use in the community
- Collaborate with the school's administration to create a policy regarding alcohol, tobacco, or other drugs.
- Collaborate with the school's administration to create a referral procedure for students who exhibit signs and symptoms of being under the influence of alcohol, tobacco, or other drugs.
- Educate the faculty and staff about the school's referral procedure and signs and symptoms of substance use.
- Be a resource for students and parents/guardians regarding alcohol, tobacco, and other drugs.
- Collaborate with the school's administration, SRO, and school counselors to develop a substance use assessment form.
- Conduct substance use assessment for students who are referred to the health office to determine if it is safe for the student to remain in school.
Substance Use Nursing Assessments:
Please refer to this link for the health office procedure for substance use assessments: SubstanceUseNursingAssessments_1.docx
National Institute on Drug Abuse: cannabis-marijuana-drugfacts.pdf
American Lung Association: The Impact of E-Cigarettes: E-Cigarette_Health_Risk_Fact_Sheet-AA-V2.pdf
E-cigarettes and Youth-What Parents Need to Know: OSH-E-Cigarettes-and-Youth-What-Parents-Need-to-Know-508.pdf
E-cigarettes and Youth-What Educators and Coaches Need to Know: OSH-E-Cigarettes-and-Youth-What-Educators-and-Coaches-Need-to-Know-508.pdf
E-cigarettes/vaping visual dictionary: ecigarette-or-vaping-products-visual-dictionary-508.pdf